Amy Campbell Library > Political Philosophy

The Politics Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained

By Paul Kelly

From historic and medieval philosophers similar to Confucius and Thomas Aquinas, to progressive suggestion leaders similar to Thomas Jefferson and Leon Trotsky, to the voices who've formed smooth politics this day — Mao Zedong, Malcolm X, Che Guevara, and extra — The Politics e-book truly and easily explains greater than a hundred groundbreaking rules within the historical past of political thought.

With easy-to-follow pix, succinct quotations, and available textual content, The Politics booklet is a necessary reference for college students and someone considering how politics works.

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What Is Marriage?: Man and Woman: A Defense

By Sherif Girgis, Ryan T Anderson, Robert P George

Until the day before today, no society had noticeable marriage as whatever except a conjugal partner­ship: a male-female union. What Is Marriage? identifies and defends the explanations for this ancient consensus and indicates why redefining civil marriage is senseless, unreasonable, and opposite to the typical stable.

Originally released within the Harvard magazine of legislations and Public Policy, this book's center argument quick turned the year's most generally learn essay at the so much sought after scholarly community within the social sciences. due to the fact then, it's been mentioned and debated by means of students and activists during the international because the so much ambitious safeguard of the culture ever written. Now made over, accelerated, and enormously better, What Is Marriage? stands poised to satisfy its second as few books of this iteration have.

Rhodes student Sherif Girgis, historical past beginning Fellow Ryan T. Anderson, and Princeton Professor Robert P. George provide a devastating critique of the concept equality calls for redefining marriage. They convey why either side needs to first resolution the query of what marriage quite is. They safeguard the primary that marriage, as a finished union of brain and physique ordered to family members lifestyles, unites a guy and a girl as husband and spouse, they usually rfile the social worth of making use of this precept in law.

Most compellingly, they express that those that embody same-sex civil marriage go away no company ground--none--for no longer spotting each dating describable in well mannered English, together with polyamorous sexual unions, and that enshrining their view might additional erode the norms of marriage, and for this reason the typical good.

Finally, What Is Marriage? decisively solutions universal objections: that the historical view is rooted in bigotry, like legislation forbidding interracial marriage; that it's callous to people's wishes; that it cannot exhibit the damage of spotting same-sex couplings, or the purpose of spotting infertile ones; and that it treats an insignificant "social build" as though it have been traditional, or an unreasoned spiritual view as though it have been rational.

If the wedding debate in the United States is set quickly, will probably be with this book's aid or regardless of its robust arguments.

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Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach

By Martha C. Nussbaum

If a country’s Gross family Product raises every year, yet so does the proportion of its humans disadvantaged of easy schooling, health and wellbeing care, and different possibilities, is that kingdom rather making growth? If we depend on traditional monetary symptoms, do we ever take hold of how the world’s billions of people are fairly managing?

In this strong critique, Martha Nussbaum argues that our dominant theories of improvement have given us guidelines that forget about our most simple human wishes for dignity and self-respect. For the previous twenty-five years, Nussbaum has been engaged on another version to evaluate human improvement: the features method. She and her colleagues commence with the best of questions: what's every person really capable of do and to be? What genuine possibilities can be found to them?

The features method of human growth has earlier been expounded merely in really expert works. Creating Capabilities, notwithstanding, offers a person attracted to problems with human improvement a superbly lucid account of the constitution and functional implications of an alternative version. It demonstrates a route to justice for either people and nonhumans, weighs its relevance opposed to different philosophical stances, and divulges the worth of its common instructions at the same time it recognizes cultural distinction. In our period of unjustifiable inequity, Nussbaum indicates how―by getting to the narratives of people and greedy the day-by-day impression of policy―we can let humans all over the place to dwell complete and inventive lives.

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An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice (Oxford World's Classics)

'To a rational being there might be yet one rule of behavior, justice, and one mode of ascertaining that rule, the workout of his understanding.'

Godwin's Political Justice is the founding textual content of philosophical anarchism. Written within the speedy aftermath of the French Revolution, it exemplifies the political optimism felt by way of many writers and intellectuals. Godwin drew on enlightenment principles and his historical past in spiritual dissent for the rules of justice, software, and the sanctity of person judgement that drove his strong critique of all types of secular and spiritual authority. He predicts the triumph of justice and equality over injustice, and of brain over subject, and the eventual vanquishing of human frailty and mortality. He additionally foresees the slow removing of practices governing estate, punishment, legislation, and marriage and the displacement of politics via an elevated own morality caused by reasoned argument and candid dialogue. Political Justice increases deep philosophical questions on the character of our accountability to others that stay important to fashionable debates on ethics and politics.

This version reprints the first-edition textual content of 1793, and examines Godwin's evolving philosophy within the context of his existence and work.

About the Series: For over a hundred years Oxford World's Classics has made to be had the broadest spectrum of literature from around the world. every one cheap quantity displays Oxford's dedication to scholarship, supplying the main actual textual content plus a wealth of different precious positive aspects, together with professional introductions by way of top specialists, voluminous notes to elucidate the textual content, up to date bibliographies for extra learn, and masses more.

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Xenophon's Spartan Constitution: Introduction, Text, Commentary (Texte Und Kommentare)

This paintings provides a brand new severe variation of The Spartan structure, a treatise in nation philosophy attributed to the historian Xenophon (c. 430 - c. 355 B. C.). The Greek textual content, reconstructed at the foundation of extant manuscript resources, is prefaced by means of an advent and supplemented by means of a serious statement and an English translation. The creation discusses the matter of the text's authenticity and relationship and offers a complete account of its resources, reception, language, kind and constitution in addition to an research of the manuscript resources and the textual culture. The observation addresses linguistic in addition to ancient difficulties.

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Politics and Passion: Toward a More Egalitarian Liberalism

By Michael Walzer

Distinguished political thinker Michael Walzer bargains a provocative reappraisal of the middle tenets of liberalism. Ranging over contested matters together with multiculturalism, pluralism, distinction, civil society, and racial and gender justice, he recommend ways that liberal concept can be revised to make it extra hospitable to the claims of equality.
"[An] stylish and probing critique of up to date liberal thought."—G. John Ikenberry, Foreign Affairs
"With his traditional originality, readability, intensity, and clever judgments, Michael Walzer deals a standpoint on political lifestyles that unearths critical inadequacies in common liberal perspectives and issues to instructions of change."—Robert Dahl, Sterling Professor Emeritus, Yale University

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Liberalism and the Limits of Justice

By Michael J. Sandel

A liberal society seeks to not impose a unmarried lifestyle, yet to go away its electorate as unfastened as attainable to settle on their very own values and ends. It accordingly needs to govern via ideas of justice that don't presuppose any specific imaginative and prescient of the nice lifestyles. yet can one of these rules be came across? And if now not, what are the implications for justice as an ethical and political excellent? those are the questions Michael Sandel takes up during this penetrating critique of latest liberalism. This re-creation contains a new advent and a brand new ultimate bankruptcy during which Professor Sandel responds to the later paintings of John Rawls.

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The Routledge Companion to Nineteenth Century Philosophy (Routledge Philosophy Companions)

The 19th century is a interval of wonderful philosophical originality, characterized by means of radical engagement with the rising human sciences. frequently overshadowed by way of 20th century philosophy which sought to reject a few of its primary tenets, the philosophers of the 19th century have re-emerged as profoundly vital figures.

The Routledge better half to 19th Century Philosophy

is an exceptional survey and review of the century as a complete. Divided into seven components and together with thirty chapters written by means of top overseas students, the Companion examines and assesses the relevant themes, subject matters, and philosophers of the 19th century, offering the 1st complete photo of the interval in one volume:

  • German Idealism
  • philosophy as political motion, together with younger Hegelians, Marx and Tocqueville
  • philosophy and subjectivity, together with Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche
  • scientific naturalism, together with Darwinism, philosophy of race, experimental psychology and Neo-Kantianism
  • utilitarianism and British Idealism
  • American Idealism and Pragmatism
  • new instructions in brain and good judgment, together with Brentano, Frege and Husserl.

The Routledge spouse to 19th Century Philosophy

is key examining for college kids of philosophy, and for an individual drawn to this era in comparable disciplines resembling politics, historical past, literature and religion.

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Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

By Roger Scruton

Father of the Enlightenment and the final mother or father of the medieval global, Spinoza made an excellent try to reconcile the conflicting ethical and highbrow calls for of his epoch and to provide a imaginative and prescient of guy as concurrently certain via necessity and without end unfastened. Ostracized by means of the Jewish group in Amsterddam to which he was once born, Spinoza constructed a political philosophy that got down to justify the secular kingdom governed by way of a liberal structure, and a metaphysics that sought to reconcile human freedom with a trust in medical rationalization. right here, Roger Scruton offers a transparent and systematic research of Spinoza's idea and exhibits its relevance to trendy highbrow preoccupations.

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A Book Forged in Hell: Spinoza's Scandalous Treatise and the Birth of the Secular Age

When it seemed in 1670, Baruch Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise was once denounced because the most threatening booklet ever published--"godless," "full of abominations," "a booklet cast in hell . . . via the satan himself." non secular and secular professionals observed it as a probability to religion, social and political concord, and daily morality, and its writer was once virtually universally considered as a non secular subversive and political radical who sought to unfold atheism all through Europe. but Spinoza's ebook has contributed up to the announcement of Independence or Thomas Paine's Common Sense to fashionable liberal, secular, and democratic considering. In A ebook solid in Hell, Steven Nadler tells the interesting tale of this amazing ebook: its radical claims and their historical past within the philosophical, non secular, and political tensions of the Dutch Golden Age, in addition to the vitriolic response those principles inspired.

it's not not easy to work out why Spinoza's Treatise used to be so vital or so debatable, or why the uproar it triggered is among the most important occasions in eu highbrow heritage. within the ebook, Spinoza grew to become the 1st to argue that the Bible isn't really actually the be aware of God yet particularly a piece of human literature; that real faith has not anything to do with theology, liturgical ceremonies, or sectarian dogma; and that non secular gurus should not have any position in governing a contemporary kingdom. He additionally denied the truth of miracles and divine windfall, reinterpreted the character of prophecy, and made an eloquent plea for toleration and democracy.

A shiny tale of incendiary principles and harsh backlash, A booklet cast in Hell will curiosity somebody who's eager about the starting place of a few of our so much loved sleek beliefs.

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