From an Existential Vacuum to a sad Optimism: the quest for that means and the Presence of God in smooth Literature employs a brand new theoretical method of serious research: Victor Frankl's logotherapy (from the Greek "logos" for observe or cause and infrequently concerning divine wisdom), a distinct type of existentialism. at the foundation of his observations of the facility of human patience and transcendence - the invention of which means even in the course of harrowing conditions - Frankl diagnoses the malaise of the present age as an "existential vacuum," a feeling of meaninglessness. He means that a panacea for this malaise could be present in creativity, love, and ethical selection - even if confronted with affliction or dying. He affirms that people may perhaps go beyond this vacuum, become aware of that means - or maybe final desiring to be present in final Being, or God - and dwell with a feeling of "tragic optimism." This e-book observes either the present age's "existential vacuum" - a malaise of vacancy and meaninglessness - and its eager for that means and God as mirrored in 3 genres: poetry, novel, and fable. half I, "Reflections of God within the Poetic Vision," addresses "tragic optimism" - wish whilst there appears to be like no cause of desire - in poems by way of William Butler Yeats, T. S. Eliot, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Gerard Manley Hopkins. half II, "American Angst: vacancy and probability in John Steinbeck's significant Novels," offers a research of Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, and The iciness of Our Discontent - novels that jointly shape a uniquely American epic trilogy. jointly those novels inform the tale of a nation's avarice, corruption, and betrayal offset through magnanimity, heroism, and hospitality. Set opposed to the backdrop of Frankl's methods of discovering that means and success - all obliquely implying the felt presence of God - the characters are consultant each americans, in whose lives are mirrored a nation's worst vices and most sensible hopes. half III, "A Tragic Optimism: The Triumph of fine within the myth Worlds of Tolkien, Lewis, and Rowling," defines myth and technological know-how fiction as mirrors with which to view fact. J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the jewelry, C. S. Lewis' That Hideous power, and J. ok. Rowling's Harry Potter sequence are thought of within the gentle of Frankl's logotherapy - delivering paths to which means and the last word aspiring to be present in God. In a postmodern, fragmented age, those works verify a continual imaginative and prescient of God (often via His felt absence) and, additionally, a such a lot human longing for which means even if there seems none - supplying, as Frankl keeps, "a tragic optimism."